15+ Terms and Terminologies in Programming Languages

Common terms in the computer programming world

Amit Chauhan

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Photo by Alex Chumak on Unsplash

How computer gives output in programming

To make the computer understand the input, we need to give it some instructions so that the computer can understand.

Types of software:

  1. System software for operating system related.
  2. Application software for the outside world, i.e., notepad, MS Office, etc.

We have so many programming languages, but computers can only understand machine language (binary language i.e., 0 & 1).

Evolution of high-level languages:

These languages evolve due to the disadvantages of machine language, as they are hard to understand. High-level language consists of English words to make the programmer more comfortable in understanding. But still, computers understand only machine language.

Now the translator is used to translate high-level language to machine-level language. The translator can be a compiler or interpreter.

  • Cross-Pollination: Every language is made up of the existing language then, with enhancement features, a new language is developed.
  • Cross Platform: A programming-based software can run on different operating systems. The intermediate code (Byte Code) is developed in the languages to tackle the issue of running programs on different operating systems.
  • Virtual machine converter: It is used to convert the byte code to machine-level language.
  • IDE: It is Integrated Development Environment to develop software applications.
  • Variable: It is a name given in the program to store the data in the memory.
  • Types of Data: In programming language, we can store different types of data, i.e., integer, float, decimal, complex, word, etc.
  • Case sensitive: In programs, if we change the identifier( variable name) to lower or upper alphabet then these names have different properties.
  • Style guide: It is a way of writing code within a team to make it more readable, easier, and understandable…

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